Those days are long gone when you have to be a master of Java to develop a program for Android, specially after the declaration of Google that has made Kotlin its official language. Although there are other languages like C++ and C# you can use for Android development yet kotlin is one of the most easy and least code demanding language.
Surely Google has taken the step to encourage more developers to do their projects on Android. Kotlin vs java will be compared on the basis of their speed, debugging, testing and the convenient of their use. Obviously each new generation is raising more better programmers than ever before and by making kotlin an Android official language, Google is directly influencing those parents and schools who start teaching their kids coding from python but because of being almost equal in difficulty it can be the first coding language our coming generations will learn. Even if it is more difficult than python but the struggle worth doing. See Also: Android vs IOS
First Programming Language
No one can deny the importance of first programming language which gets hard wired in your subconscious and any other language you learn later would be based upon that first language concept. Anyhow we think that gonna change too much in the teaching world of programming but let the time decide.
As mentioned above the learning difficulty level of kotlin is far lesser than Java but gives you the equal power to develop an Android program. So why would one choose java if they are interested in the particular niche of Android. Actually when it comes to Android development, kotlin has some special built-in features for Android which Java lacks. This gives an extra edge to kotlin over Java.
Advantages of Kotlin
- Extension functions
It is not just about the simplicity but some Extension functions that kotlin has and Java don’t. This extra classic function can decrease whole lot of headache.
- Data classes
Another amazing benefit of kotlin comes in is, data management. For Java, you have to make several classes just to hold data but there is not such things to do with kotlin because kotlin does it automatically via compiler. You just need to put keyword of the data and just leave it all to kotlin compiler.
- Code readability
There is a point goes to java for language code reading convenience. If someone who is entirely unaware of both java and kotlin and if the code from both such languages is shown to him, then there is a far higher probability that he would get some idea about java coding instead of kotlin.
Remember such person would know language like python or C. So, the reading is the strength of java because if we see kotlin code there is so much of coding compressed into a single line of code that it is a bit difficult for a beginner who don’t know anything about coding. But this point is not of much importance because once you learn kotlin there is not such problem you may encounter. Check also: Android All versions
- Concise code
The upper mentioned weakness of kotlin has turned into a strength here because kotlin has difficulty to read due to its conciseness and shorter line of coding means lesser bugs once you done with all the development process.
kotlin vs java, both have their pros and cons but one thing is for sure although kotlin learning sources are not that abundant and easy to access as that of java but the future of Android belongs to it. However, if we see it from a point of someone or who already knows java very well then it can not be suggested that they should quit java and start learning kotlin.
In this way, everyone has their own situation on which their priority may depend. So there is no single universal advise to choose between the two.